Archaeologists have discovered a 3,000 year old « lost golden city » in Egypt – the « largest » ever found there and the most important find since the tomb of Tutankhamun.
The city called « The Rise of Aten « was excavated by a team of archaeologists led by Zahi Hawass under the sand on the west bank of Luxor, about 300 miles south of Cairo.
The archaeologists first excavated the site in September 2020 to investigate to search for the mortuary temple of King Tut.
They soon discovered their breathtaking find – well-tended adobe formations, which turned out to be a large city from the golden age of the pharaohs 3,000 years ago.
« Within a few weeks turned up to the great surprise the team’s adobe formations in all directions, « Hawass said in a statement. « What they discovered was the location of a large city in a good state of preservation, with almost complete walls and rooms full of tools for daily living. »
Most of the southern part of the city has been excavated, but the northern part still remains under the sand.
The city was founded by King Amenhotep III. Founded by the ninth king of the 18th dynasty, who, according to Hawass, lived from 1391 to 1353 BC. Ruled.
The city was active during the king’s co-reign with his son Amenhotep IV, also known as Akhenaten.
Akhenaten ruled alongside his wife Nefertiti and, according to National Geographic, worshiped the sun. His young son – better known as King Tut – took over after his death.
According to the report, the newly discovered royal metropolis could contain some clues as to why Akhenaten left Thebes, the capital of ancient Egypt for more than 150 years was.
« Many foreign missions have searched for this city and never found it, » Hawass said in the press release.
Betsy Brian, Professor of Egyptology at John Hopkins University, said the discovery was the most important archaeological one Found since the discovery of the tomb of King Tut in 1922, which was found completely intact in the Valley of the Kings.
“The discovery of the lost city will not only give us a rare glimpse into the life of the ancient Egyptians at the time , when the empire was richest, but also help us shed light on one of history’s greatest mysteries – why did Akhenaten and Nefertiti decide to move to Amarna « Said Brian in a statement.
The city, which was built on the west bank of the Nile, once served as the largest administrative and industrial settlement in the Pharaonic Empire, » said Hawass.
The streets are flanked by houses, with some walls nearly ten feet high, said Hawass. The city stretches to the west, « to the famous Deir el-Medina, » an ancient Egyptian workers’ village, he added.
« There is no doubt about that. It is truly a phenomenal find, » said Salima Ikram, archaeologist, who heads the Department of Egyptology at the American University in Cairo, told National Geographic: « It’s a snapshot – an Egyptian version of Pompeii. »
The newly excavated city between the Temple of King Rameses III and the Colossi Discovered by Amenhotep III on the west bank of the Nile in Luxor, it even included rooms with utensils that were used in daily life.
« The archaeological layers have remained untouched for thousands of years and were left behind by the ancient residents as they were yesterday « The statement reads.
A remarkable human burial was discovered in the city – a person with arms outstretched and a piece of rope around his knees because the position and position of the skeleton is « quite strange », according to Hawass.
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